Gen 28:13 And behold, the LORD stood above it and said, "I am the LORD, the God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. The land on which you lie I will give to you and to your offspring. Gen 28:14 Your offspring shall be like the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south, and in you and your offspring shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
One thing that Christians have debated from the very beginning of the church is how are the land promises given to Abraham fulfilled. Were they fulfilled by the time Christ came or is there a future fulfillment for them to be regathered back into the land of Palestine? Some see the Jews being regathered back into Palestine as pretty much the culmination of God’s plan for the world. People like John Hagee have made it their life’s ministry to “help” God fulfill prophecy by physically relocating Jews back to their “homeland”.
While it is a vast study that is too large to cover entirely here, I want to offer a few thoughts that might help us find a more practical application for the subject. Where this can move into unfruitful and even dangerous areas is when people seem to be more concerned and even excited over Jews being gathered to Israel than they are about the gospel being proclaimed to them. Some even go so far as to say that the Jews don’t need the gospel since God loves them outside of Christ and their future isn’t connected to Jesus’s work but the blood that runs in their veins.
One of the problems as I see it is that many fail to realize that the land promises while fulfilled literally in the OT always had a universal goal in mind. In other words, the promises look forward to the day when God’s people will dwell in the whole earth not just in a tiny part of it. By “God’s people” I mean all those in Christ because anyone not in Christ ultimately will have no part of God, period. It was necessary for the Jews to possess the land for a time so that Christ could come and do his work but the goal was never Palestine but a new heaven and earth because the goal was never just about the Jews but about the elect unto salvation. The above passage shows that early on the Lord was speaking about his people possessing more than just a few square miles in the Middle East.
Elsewhere in Genesis, for instance, we see that it was never just the Jews in mind but that the Gentiles would be brought in to create a people way too large to merely indwell Palestine, Gen 12:3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." Gen 15:5 And he brought him outside and said, "Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them." Then he said to him, "So shall your offspring be." Gen 22:17 I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies, Gen 22:18 and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice."
It is important to note that nowhere in the NT does anyone refer to the Jews waiting to inherit the land. Anytime there is a reference to anyone inheriting land it speaks of the church and the word “land” is changed to a more universal word like “world”. Mat 5:5 "Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Mat_6:10 Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Rom 4:13 For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith. Rev_5:10 and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth." Rev_11:15 Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever."
If Israel gets to live in Palestine for a few years then I am glad for them. I will be with Christ so I will have something much more glorious to think about. But what is sad is that there are so many who are much more interested and excited in the Jews getting their own country than they are about Christ’s kingdom being established on earth. Christ told us to go into all the world and establish his kingdom through the gospel, not worry about getting Jews to Palestine.
There is a lot more that could be said about this but I think a biblical and a much more practical, Christ honoring case can be made that the land promises to Abraham as well as all the promises are fulfilled in the new nation that God is making through the preaching of the gospel that includes Jew and every other people group, Rev 5:9 And they sang a new song, saying, "Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation, Rev 5:10 and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth."